The Camp in Kozielsk

There were soldiers of all ranks in the camp, as well as police, border guards and a small number of civilians. The prisoners [numbered] over 2,000. The camp was liquidated on 29 June 1941 (previously, two groups of police had been sent somewhere up north to work).

The camp was located in a former monastery, and the living conditions were quite bearable: officers received 300 g of bread, toilet soap for washing and had a separate kitchen with a slightly larger food ration. We were divided into companies and barracks. The officers only did administrative work in the camp, i.e. they worked on their own behalf.

There was a working cinema—old pictures and mostly propaganda content; a choir—under the supervision of the Soviet authorities; chess tournaments were also held. Many officers learned languages, I personally made a lot of use of the camp library where I had the opportunity to learn about modern Russian literature.

I was interrogated only once, I was offered that I could stay in Soviet Russia. I rejected the offer. Based on conversations with my fellow inmates, I must say that the questionings were mainly polite and serious in tone.

Second Lieutenant Edmund Pawłowski distinguished himself in an exceptionally negative light. He made a definite swing toward the Soviet side, loudly expressing his red sympathies, insulting officers who held different views (apparently he was used by the Soviet authorities for special work [?] and taken away for this purpose from the camp in Gryazovets).

Mortality in the camp was relatively low; among others the staroste in Kutno, Pełczyński, died [illegible].

I was in the camp in Kozelsk from 2 June 1940 until 29 June 1941, after which I was transported to the camp in Gryazovets, which I cannot say much about.